Periodontal disease and gums disease are one in the same. It is one of the biggest causes of tooth loss for adults. It is caused by a bacterial infection of the gums. Controlling the early stages of gum disease can keep if from developing.
Gums, ligaments and bone structure support your teeth. It is important to maintain the system and protect against bacterial infection.
Plaque is formed by a combination of sugar and harmful bacteria which produce enzymes that can destroy gum tissue. If plaque is not removed daily it can harden into tartar that spread to the roots of your teeth.
Factors and habits that encourage gum disease include the use of tobacco products, ill fitting dentures, and bruxism. Medical conditions may lower the body’s ability to fight off infection. Some medications and treatments can also contribute to gum disease.
Your dentist will conduct a full exam of your gums and teeth and take xrays for signs of bone weakness.
A deep cleaning will involve removing plaque and tartar and smoothing the surface of your teeth to make it harder for plaque to stick to them. Antibiotic treatments can reduce infection.
Deeper pockets signal advanced periodontitis. Surgical procedures may be required to remove diseased tissues. A bone graft may be necessary to restore structure and secure the tooth.
Follow a regimen of good oral health habits and visit your dentist regularly to avoid further infections.